syllogism questions for ssc


Question 1:

Three statements are given followed by four conclusions I, II, III and IV. You have to consider these statements to be true, even if they seem at variance from commonly known facts. Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow/s from the given statement.

          Statements:

          I. All parrots are crows.

          II. All crows are robins.

          III. All robins are swan.

          Conclusions:

          I. All parrots are swans.

          II. All swans are crows.

          III. All robins are parrots.

          IV. All crows are swans.

          (A) Only conclusions II and III follow.

          (B) Only conclusions I and IV follow.

          (C) All the conclusion follow.

          (D) Only conclusion I and II follow.

Answer:

B

Solution:

Given statements can be drawn as shown below in the venn-diagram:


Question 2:

Two statements are given followed by two conclusions I and II. You have to consider these statements to be true, even if they seem at variance from commonly known facts. Choose which of the given conclusions logically follow/s from the given statement.

          Statements:

          I. All chair are wood.

          II. No wood is furniture.

          Conclusions:

          I. All chairs are furniture.

          II. Some furniture are wood.

          (A) Only conclusion I follows.

          (B) Only conclusion II follows.

          (C) Both conclusions I and II follows.

          (D) Neither conclusion I nor II follows.

Answer:

D

Solution:

Given statements can be drawn as shown below in the venn-diagram:


Question 3:

Read the given statements and conclusions carefully. Assuming that the information given in the statements in true, even if it appears to be at variance with commonly known facts, decide which of the given conclusions logically follow(s) from the statements.

          Statements:

          (A) All purses are coins.

          (B) All coins are rupees.

          (C) All rupees are pink.

          Conclusions:

          I. All purses are pink.

          II. All pink are coins.

          III. All rupees are purses.

          IV. All coins are pink.

          (A) Only conclusions I and IV follow.

          (B) Only conclusions I and II follow.

          (C) All the conclusions follow.

          (D) Only conclusions II and III follow.

Answer:

A

Solution:

Given statements can be drawn as shown below in the venn-diagram:


Question 4:

Two statements are given followed by four conclusions I, II and IV. You have to consider these statements to be true, even if they seem at variance from commonly known facts. Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow/s from the given statement.

          Statements:

          1. All papers are stationery.

          2. Some papers are books.

          Conclusions:

          I. Some stationery are papers.

          II. No stationery is paper.

          III. No book is stationery.

          IV. Some books are papers.

          (A) Only conclusions I, II and IV follow.

          (B) Only conclusions I and II follow.

          (C) Only conclusions II and III follow.

          (D) Only conclusions I and IV follow.

Answer:

D

Solution:

Given statements can be drawn as shown below in the venn-diagram:


Question 5:

Two statements are given followed by two conclusions I and II. You have to consider these statements to be true, even if they seem at variance from commonly known facts. Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow/s from the given statement.

          Statements:

          1. All petunias are flowers.

          2. No flower is black.

          Conclusions:

          I. Some petunias are black.

          II. No petunia is black.

          (A) Both the conclusion I and II follow.

          (B) Neither conclusion I nor II follows.

          (C) Only conclusion I follows.

          (D) Only conclusion II follows.

Answer:

D

Solution:

Given statements can be drawn as shown below in the venn-diagram:


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